During the late 19th century lumber became scarce due to the timber industry extreme logging. As prices increased producers of furniture and accessories had to look at other alternative materials. Production using iron, bronze and steel started to  evolve during this time. Typically made for the wealthy and elite, iron furniture was designed to be functional and sturdy for use in the garden, parlor or living room. Britain led the world's Industrial Revolution in the mid-19th century, by 1896 the US was the world leader.