Napoleon III Aubusson tapestry lambrequin valance wall hanging from the mid-18th century handwoven in wool and silk. Vibrant cranberry background enclosing a creamy field demarcated with rich gold borders, beads, scrolls and acanthus leaves enclosing trailing pink and white floral design with light blue neoclassical ribbons.
The history of European tapestries dates back to the Medieval and Renaissance period. Tapestries were only commissioned for royalty, aristocrats and bishops, they were a status of symbol of aristocracy. Hung on walls to insulate and decorate churches, palaces and manor houses of the wealthy. They were important because of their portability as they could easily be rolled up to move from location to location. Kings and nobility often used them during their travel. A "lambrequin" was a type of valance or pelmet with elongated sides, they were originally used to decorate and insulate beds, but later were applied to windows.
Aubusson tapestries and rugs are among the finest in the world, exemplifying the luxury and grace of classical European Design. World renowned for being the original center of production of tapestry-weave carpets and wall embellishments typically depicting in the 'le rustique' style. Named after the town of Aubusson which is located at the base of the Creuse River in the La Marche area of France, which is about 250 miles from Paris. Its origins were born with the arrival of weavers from Flanders, who took refuge in Aubusson around 1580. The weaving industry in Aubusson prospered as its reputation flourished when they were given the status of Royal Manufacturer by Colbert in 1665, in line with the Beauvais and Gobelins Workshops. Today they still produce these tapestries and rugs.
Place of Origin - Paris, France
Period -Circa 1860
Condition - Excellent, wear consistent with age and use.
Dimensions - (152 in"H x 106 in"W x .5 in"D)